The Mind and Life XX Conference Starts in Zurich

April 9th 2010

His Holiness addresses the Mind and Life XX Conference. Photo courtesy/Manuel Bauer

Zurich, Switzerland, April 9th, 2010 - Today was the first day of the Mind and Life XX Conference - Altruism and Compassion in Economic Systems (www.compassionineconomics.org) being held in Zurich. The conference will run for three days, from April 9th to 11th, and focuses on exploring economic systems that reward fairness and co-operation while at the same time addressing the most urgent societal and environmental issues.

During the lunch break His Holiness the Dalai Lama met with the press where he said, “The recent economic crisis shows money fails to bring inner peace.” His Holiness spoke about two of his three commitments in life, the first being the promotion of human values and the second the promotion of religious harmony.
 
His Holiness meets with the press. Photo courtesy/Manuel Bauer

His Holiness said that this year marks the 50th Anniversary of Tibetans arriving in Switzerland. He said the Government of India had extended maximum assistance on the Tibetans arrival in India from Tibet. He thanked Switzerland for welcoming Tibetan refugees. "It is our duty to thank the Swiss government, (its) people and in particular the Swiss Red Cross" for assistance to Tibetan refugees since 1960.
 
The Tibetan spirit is very much alive in Tibet and the community in exile also keeps the same Tibetan spirit alive. The Tibetans in Switzerland are not only good Swiss citizens but carry the Tibetan spirit and contribute to the Swiss Economy.

Below is a summary of the first day proceedings of the Mind and Life XX Conference (courtesy Mind and Life Institute - www.mindandlife.org).

Session 1
After introductory remarks by Adam Engle, CEO and co-founder of the Mind & Life Institute, Rector Andreas Fischer – the President of the University of Zurich – welcomed everyone and introduced His Holiness the Dalai Lama.  His Holiness then took the stage and said, “I do not
His Holiness's opening address. Photo courtesy/Manuel Bauer

know how to make money.  But I know it can be useful.”  He relayed a story where he asked one of his business friends about the roots of the current economic crisis, and his friend told him it was greed, possibly even the desire to cheat for profit.  “Even I know this is bad for the economic system,” His Holiness said. He also spoke of a wish for all of us to continue striving for enhanced wisdom, and pondered whether the results of this conference may point toward a better direction for economic systems.

Roshi Joan Halifax outlined the direction of the conference and handed it over to the presenters.  Dan Batson, of the University of Kansas, opened with a very direct question – Does altruism exist?  After speaking about egoism and empathy, he referenced empathy-based experiments and what they might infer.  Tania Singer, of the University of Zurich, explained two neural routes to understanding others’ minds – via empathy and compassion and via the “theory of mind,” the conscious thinking of someone else’s mental state. After explaining neural networks and their relation to compassionate thoughts and feelings, she talked of how some people have a deficit in comprehending their own feelings. Studies of meditation have been shown to help this deficiency.

The panel of the Mind and Life XX conference. Photo courtesy/Manuel Bauer

Richard Davidson, of the University of Wisconsin, followed up on these ideas and posited two big points – that there are different levels of empathy and compassion in people, which have biological roots, and empathy and compassion can be regarded as skills, which can be trained and enhanced. He then reviewed neuroscientific research in these areas; results showed that subjects who had more extensive mental training had a greater tendency to exhibit signs of altruism.  Matthieu Ricard, of Shechen Monastery, presented last and helped enlighten the audience to Buddhist notions of compassion, empathy and altruism.  For example, compassion is the desire to help alleviate suffering in others, whatever it may be.


Session 2
The afternoon session began with Joan Silk of UCLA, who defined altruism biologically, as seen in other species. Research has shown that altruism is common and beneficial in many species. As humans develop during childhood, they trend away from this commonality in other species.

One notable exchange during the conversation with His Holiness went as follows.  “Does hostility come from not being connected?  For instance, if bees from one colony are mixed with bees from another colony, do they see each other as alien or other?” Joan replied, “There doesn’t seem to be much flexibility in their behaviour, though I do not know much of bees.  So the ‘outgroup’ or ‘other’ perspective seems to remain intact.” His Holiness mused, “Does biological altruism require the ability to appreciate others?  Mosquitoes, I think, have no appreciation!  One may land on me, and I let it feed.  But then it flies away and shows no appreciation!”  

The Mind and Life XX venue.
Photo courtesy/Manuel Bauer

Ernst Fehr of the University of Zurich then talked about how true altruism in humans is rare, as we normally want or expect benefit for our costs, especially within economics. He defined altruism as actions to benefit an ‘other,’ but at cost to the actor and with no envisioned gain for the actor at the outcome, except possibly psychological benefit like happiness. Tania Singer then spoke about 3 motivational systems in the human brain: incentive-focused, threat-focused, and non-wanting-affiliation-focused.  She talked of experiments to increase trust among individuals. 

John Dunne, of Emory University, explained compassion and altruism from the Buddhist perspective as they might relate to economics.  One of the ultimate goals is happiness, so what are the costs and resources needed to attain that goal?  The resources are internal, and thus
His Holiness leaving the conference venue.
Photo courtesy/Manuel Bauer

of the highest value.  If we can realign our priorities to focus on maintaining and enhancing our internal resources, we may see a shift toward a better economic system.  He spoke of a Buddhist technique of internalizing the idea that all sentient beings were at some point your mother in a previous life; you can extend the feeling or connection you have with your mother to all beings.  “Not that everyone has the greatest connection with their mother, but you understand what I mean,” John said.  “I had a GOOD mother, though, just to be clear.” “So did I,” laughed His Holiness.
 
So, today was a ground-laying time of concepts and large ideas, setting us up for tomorrow, which will start exploring possibilities of where we go and of applied economics to further some of these ideas.

For more photos of His Holiness's visit to Zurich visit the Tibet Bureau in Geneva's website (www.tibetoffice.ch).
 

Latest News

His Holiness Expresses Sadness over Ferry Sinking in South Korea
April 19th 2014
Dharamsala, HP, India, 19 April 2014 - In a letter to the President of the Republic of South Korea, Ms Park Geun-hye, written immediately upon his arrival from Japan this afternoon, His Holiness the Dalai Lama expressed his deep sadness at the loss of so many lives as a result of the tragic ferry accident off the coast of South Korea. He wrote that "it is especially distressing to know that among the passengers were 350 students from Danwon High School in Ansan, Seoul."

Japan Tour Ends with Audiences for Tibetans, Mongolians and Chinese
April 18th 2014

Full Day of Teachings in Tokyo
April 17th 2014

His Holiness the Dalai Lama Meets Indians, Chinese and Sotoshu Monks in Tokyo
April 16th 2014

Public Talk in Koyasan before Departure for Tokyo
April 15th 2014

Explore